Daylight in Buildings

Back to the tree


He Yishan


Wang Lili


Shanghai Institute of Technology


China - Mainland

Back to the tree

Project Description

The project was inspired by the designers' reflections on today's urban residential areas. After observing the current situation of densely populated urban residential areas in some developing countries in the Asia-Pacific region, the designers answered the question of the low lighting quality caused by high density, while at the same time, the project is also a great enjoyment for the future housing. Our exploration of the house seems to stop at the upgrading of construction materials. In the form of a building, we seem to be used to creating a supporting structure and then creating other enveloping structures around it. When we build houses, we are used to building a square box and then digging a hole where the sunlight is needed, which is not a pious way to draw it. When we look at trees, the most experienced indigenous people on the planet, we find that in the jungle, no matter how dense the trees grow, they get as much sunlight as they want and grow healthily. At this point, trees seem to know how to embrace the sun better than we do. The mystery seems profound, but it is obvious that the trees stick their roots out into the ground to ensure horizontal stability. Then extend the trunk up, to ensure the stability of the vertical direction, and finally extend the branches and leaves to the sky, happy and frankly absorb the sun, all this is so natural. When we look at homes, we seem to be used to building "leaves" on "trunks" and complain about the lack of light. We are poor captors of trees. When we try to pull the building away from the structure. It can be as simple as three vertical bracing frames, with horizontal bracing plates protruding from between the adjacent frames, and finally, our house lies naturally on these frames, reverently drawing in sunlight. In this system, the house becomes transparent. In addition, tree growth can also be realized in the building, when we need more space, we just need to build more units, and then carry out vertical stacking and horizontal splicing. And to the building of living space, can design the house that belongs to oneself completely according to individual be fond of, place it to go in this system next. Trees use their roots to absorb soil nutrients, their leaves to absorb sunlight, and they use photosynthesis to absorb carbon dioxide and produce oxygen. In addition to breaking the shackles of the structure, the future residence should also learn from the tree ecologically. The project will become an ecological building when humans can efficiently use solar and geothermal energy. Our negative factors can be absorbed to form a virtuous circle of sustainable development.